The power of error culture: Why mistakes lead to success

by | Leadership, Working life

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In today’s society, mistakes are often seen as a sign of weakness and a lack of intelligence, although in reality they are a natural part of human existence. In the world of work in particular, there is often the idea that mistakes are a career obstacle. This is why mistakes are often concealed or ignored instead of being used as a learning opportunity. But as the saying goes: “No master has yet fallen from the sky”, “Trial makes perfect” and “To err is human”. These idioms are popular for a reason and point to the deeper meaning of mistakes as a learning opportunity. Fortunately, more and more companies are recognizing the importance of a positive error culture, without which real progress and innovation would hardly be possible. As the founder of a company, it is therefore advisable to deal openly with mistakes and to be guided by the many proverbs in order to maintain agility and not miss any opportunities for innovation. In this article, you will find out exactly how you can achieve this and what requirements need to be met.

Definition: What does error culture mean?

Error culture is a term from the social and economic sciences and describes how societies, cultures and social systems deal with errors, error risks and the consequences of errors. Specifically, it describes the way in which an organization deals with mistakes, errors and problems and the resulting consequences. There are two types of error cultures: positive and negative. In a negative error culture, errors are not discussed, problems are not solved and the blame is placed on others. In contrast, a positive error culture sees mistakes as an opportunity to learn and grow.

A productive error culture integrates the seemingly negative aspects of errors into the corporate culture and encourages employees to learn from their mistakes. Such a culture is essential for innovation and creativity in an organization. It also enables constructive criticism and feedback, which are essential for good teamwork.

Error culture differs from error management, which refers to the targeted control of activities in dealing with errors and the introduction and implementation of specific methods. Error culture, on the other hand, refers to the way in which an organization deals with errors, error risks and error consequences.
In order to establish a positive error culture, an organization must create an environment in which employees feel comfortable making mistakes and learning from them. This requires trust and open communication between employees and management. HR managers play an important role in implementing a positive error culture by ensuring that the agreed principles are adhered to and by supporting and advising employees and managers.

Error culture explained using an example

Imagine you’re in the kitchen and want to try out a new recipe. You have all the ingredients in front of you, follow the steps from the cookbook and are full of anticipation for the delicious result. But oh no, somewhere along the way between “a pinch of salt” and “a pinch of pepper”, a spoonful of salt and a whole rainbow of pepper are accidentally added! The food tastes, well, rather adventurous.

At that moment, you might get angry, throw the spoon in the corner in frustration and never want to cook again. Or you can laugh about it, take it in your stride and think to yourself: “Hey, this is a really weird recipe, but it’ll be better next time!” This is exactly where the error culture comes into play.

The error culture is like a friendly, motivated chef who stands behind you and says: “No problem, everyone makes mistakes! What matters is that we learn from them and do better next time.” A positive error culture encourages us to see mistakes not as failures, but as valuable lessons on our path to improvement.

And that doesn’t just mean in the kitchen, but also at work, at school or simply in everyday life. When we make a mistake, whether it’s a small slip-up in a project or a misunderstanding with a friend, it’s important not to get discouraged. Instead, we should analyze the mistake, understand what went wrong, and then develop a plan to do better next time.

A good error culture makes us braver and more creative because we don’t have to be afraid of making mistakes. It promotes open communication in which we can support each other and exchange ideas. Because if we allow ourselves to make mistakes and learn from them, we will get better and better and keep moving forward.

What is a constructive error culture?

Constructive error culture
Becoming a successful employer with a constructive error culture

A constructive error culture deals with the recognition of errors as well as their analysis and optimization. In contrast to an error culture that sanctions mistakes, a constructive error culture accepts the occurrence of errors and uses them for further development. . A constructive error culture requires the involvement of everyone involved and does not focus on the person who ultimately makes the error. There are many tried and tested ways and methods for introducing and establishing a constructive error culture. A destructive error culture prevents employees and managers from taking risks and assuming responsibility for decisions. Companies should establish a constructive error culture in order to promote innovation and encourage employees to learn from mistakes. Elements of a constructive error culture are acceptance of errors, freedom from sanctions and a process that sees errors as part of learning and development processes.

Constructive error culture explained using an example

Imagine you are on the big playground of life, where there are no punishments for mistakes, only valuable lessons. That is constructive error culture! It is like a support system for your personal development and for interaction at work or in everyday life.

A constructive error culture is not about hiding mistakes or being ashamed of them. On the contrary, mistakes are the superstars of the learning process! You realize that they are unavoidable because we are all only human and not flawless robots. And that’s a good thing! Because the seeds of growth and innovation often lie in these small mistakes.

A constructive error culture helps us to see mistakes not as stumbling blocks, but as opportunities. If you make a mistake, don’t see it as a failure, but as an experience point on the road to improvement. You take the mistake, take a close look at it, analyze what happened and think about how you can do better next time. It’s like a workout for your mind – every repetition makes you stronger and smarter.

It is important that there is no apportioning of blame in a constructive error culture. It’s not about pointing the finger at someone and saying: “You screwed up! Instead, it is about a collective learning process in which everyone contributes to improving the overall picture. Teamwork is paramount and everyone contributes their experience and knowledge in order to improve together.

What is a destructive error culture?

Destructive error culture in the company
A destructive error culture is bad for any company

A destructive error culture is a culture in which errors are seen as something negative and employees are punished when they make mistakes. A destructive error culture prevents employees and managers from taking risks and assuming responsibility for decisions. In many companies, the culture of error is synonymous with a culture of fear that paralyzes and prevents lateral thinking and trying out new things. Some characteristics of a destructive error culture are

  • Mistakes are perceived as a flaw and employees are ashamed of their mistakes
  • Employees are punished or blamed for mistakes.
  • Mistakes are covered up or concealed
  • There is no freedom from sanctions and no processes that make it possible to learn from mistakes.

A destructive error culture can lead to employees being afraid to take risks and drive innovation. Companies should establish a constructive error culture to encourage employees to learn from mistakes and promote innovation.

Destructive error culture explained using an example

Imagine sitting on a rusty bike without brakes, rolling inexorably down a hill. This is roughly what a destructive error culture feels like. Here, mistakes are not seen as a stepping stone to success, but as huge stumbling blocks that are better not to stumble over.

In a destructive error culture, the first word that is often used when a mistake is made is “blame”. You look for someone to blame and point the finger at the person you have found. It’s like a huge blame party that nobody likes to be a guest at. This creates an uncomfortable environment where people are afraid to express ideas or take risks for fear that a mistake could turn into a personal disaster.

In such a culture, mistakes often remain hidden. Instead of analyzing them and learning from them, they are swept under the carpet. People act as if they never existed. This may provide some short-term calm, but it doesn’t make the organization or the team any better in the long term. On the contrary, valuable development opportunities are being missed.

A destructive error culture also has an impact on trust within the team or organization. Instead of mutual support and openness, mistrust prevails. You think: “If I make a mistake, I will be punished or exposed”. This leads to a culture of “hiding” that nips innovation and creativity in the bud.

How can a positive error culture be established in the company?

A positive error culture can be established in a company in various ways. Here are some steps and measures that companies can take to promote a positive error culture:

  1. Create a basis of trust: Employees should have confidence in the company to admit mistakes and not cover them up. Managers should admit mistakes when they happen in order to build trust. It is beneficial to focus more on the opportunities than on the negative consequences.
  2. Create a new way of dealing with mistakes: Remember that making and admitting mistakes is a natural part of the learning process. It is important that employees understand that mistakes can happen and that they will not be punished for them. Instead, they should be encouraged to learn from their mistakes and develop further.
  3. Establish clear processes: For a positive error culture to work, clear processes must be established on how to learn as much as possible from mistakes. Document how you deal with mistakes and establish processes that ensure that what you have learned is actually incorporated into everyday business life.
  4. Active management: A positive error culture requires active management that supports and promotes the process. Management should encourage employees to share their mistakes and help them learn from their mistakes. It is also important that management listens to employees and takes their concerns and suggestions seriously.
  5. Training and workshops: Training and workshops can help to establish a positive error culture. Employees can learn to recognize and analyze their mistakes in order to learn from them and develop further. Training can also help to raise awareness of the importance of a positive error culture.

A positive error culture cannot be established overnight, but requires time and commitment from everyone involved. However, it is an investment in the future of the company, as it can help to promote innovation and creativity and strengthen employee confidence.

How can managers give feedback to promote a positive error culture?

Managers can provide feedback to promote a positive error culture by taking the following steps and actions:

  1. Give regular feedback: Managers should give their employees regular feedback on what went well and where mistakes were made. This forces us to consciously reflect on our approach and results and promotes an open error culture.
  2. See feedback as a learning opportunity: Managers should see feedback as a learning opportunity and support their employees in learning from mistakes. You should also ensure that employees receive the necessary resources and training to learn from their mistakes.
  3. Establish a feedback culture: A feedback culture is the basis for a sustainable learning process. Managers should introduce 360-degree feedback and consider communication – without apportioning blame – to be an important imperative.
  4. Use feedback as a role model: Managers should use feedback as a positive example by openly communicating their own mistakes and showing how they can learn from them. By openly sharing their own mistakes, they can promote an open error culture.
  5. Encourage open communication: Managers should encourage open communication in which employees can give feedback openly without having to fear negative consequences. Open communication can help to ensure that feedback is given at an early stage and that problems can be solved quickly.

By giving feedback and promoting an open feedback culture, managers can help employees to learn from mistakes and develop further. A positive feedback culture can also help to promote innovation and creativity within the company.

Effective strategies for an open error culture

Establishing an open error culture requires a long-term process that must be understood and continuously practiced by everyone involved until it has become a matter of course. An early start in the team is of great importance. An open error culture cannot be achieved through a seminar alone. This paradigm shift must take place continuously at all levels. There will undoubtedly be further errors in the course of the process. Then it is your job as a manager to make improvements and continue to act as a role model and motivatorfor your employees.

Analyze your existing error culture
Find out how errors are dealt with in your company and where they occur most frequently. Only if you know the current situation can you bring about changes for the better.

Be a role model and create an atmosphere of trust
A positive error culture only works if you admit mistakes yourself, address them openly and your team can point them out to you without fear.

Don’t look for scapegoats
In an open error culture, it doesn’t matter WHO made the mistake. Focus on the mistake itself instead of looking for culprits and punishing them. Your task is to identify the error, find out its cause and find a solution.

React quickly to errors
If an error occurs, do not hesitate to postpone solving the problem, but try to find a solution as quickly as possible.

Accept other errors as part of the process
It is possible that the first solution to an error is not immediately the correct one. Accept that further errors may occur during problem solving. Excessive control is not appropriate. There may be a few mistakes until the optimal solution is found, and it is perfectly permissible to focus on these.

Maintain emotional distance
Regardless of how annoying the mistake you have made is, try to put your emotions aside and remain objective. Don’t be ashamed of your own mistakes and don’t punish your employees with sanctions, ignorance or bad moods. That doesn’t help anyone.

Build on your team
The development of an open error culture is not an individual achievement, but a team effort. Involve all your employees in the process and ask for advice and help if necessary.

These tips should serve as a guide to help you promote a transparent error culture in your company. If you implement these strategies and work on them continuously, you can create an environment where mistakes are seen as learning opportunities and innovation and personal growth are encouraged.

What are the consequences of a positive error culture?

A positive error culture has many advantages for companies and employees. Some of the effects of a positive error culture are listed below:

  • Promoting innovation and creativity: A positive error culture encourages employees to take risks and try out new ideas. Employees can learn from mistakes and drive innovation.
  • Strengthens employees’ trust: An open error culture in which employees can communicate errors openly without fear of negative consequences can strengthen employees’ trust in the company and its managers.
  • Improves collaboration: A positive error culture promotes open communication and collaboration between employees. Employees can work together on solutions and learn from each other.
  • Faster problem solving: An open error culture means that problems can be identified and solved more quickly. Employees can learn from mistakes and find solutions more quickly.
  • Increases employee motivation and satisfaction: A positive error culture can help employees feel motivated and satisfied as they feel safe to communicate their mistakes openly and learn from them.
  • Reduces costs: A positive error culture can help to reduce costs, as problems can be identified and rectified more quickly.

What are the consequences of a negative error culture?

A negative error culture can have serious consequences for companies and employees. Some of the consequences of a negative error culture are listed below:

  • Loss of respect and recognition: A negative error culture can lead to employees losing the respect and recognition of their superiors when they make mistakes.
  • Fear of making mistakes: A negative error culture can lead to employees being afraid to take risks and drive innovation. Employees may feel insecure and not dare to share their ideas.
  • Stress and pressure to perform: A negative error culture can lead to increased stress and pressure to perform, as employees fear being punished for mistakes.
  • Lower motivation and satisfaction: A negative error culture can lead to employees feeling demotivated and dissatisfied as they do not feel safe to communicate their mistakes openly and learn from them.
  • Loss of employees: A negative error culture can lead to employees leaving the company because they do not feel valued and supported.

Error culture using the example of Google

Error culture at Google
Error culture at Google

Google is a company that is often cited as a model example of a successful error culture. Google has created a culture in which admitting mistakes and learning from them is strongly encouraged.

A notable example of this is the creation of Google Maps. When Google started developing their map application in 2005, they realized that some of the information was not accurate. Instead of hiding or denying this, Google opted for transparency. They added a link that allowed users to report errors on the maps.

What happened next? Thousands of users reported errors, inaccuracies and missing information. Instead of ignoring this feedback, Google deployed a team of employees to correct the reported problems. This feedback not only helped to improve Google Maps, but also led to the development of innovative functions.

The important thing is that Google has learned from its initial mistakes in map creation. They have recognized that users have valuable knowledge about what the world looks like and that they can use this knowledge to improve their products.

In addition, Google has created a culture in which employees are encouraged to take creative risks. The company offers its employees time for personal projects, known as “20 percent time”, in which they can work on ideas that are not directly related to their main tasks. Products like Gmail have emerged from such 20 percent projects.

This positive error culture at Google has not only made the company an innovation leader, but also a place where employees feel safe to try out ideas and learn from mistakes in order to continuously create better products and services.


An open error culture is crucial for the success and growth of a company. It enables mistakes to be dealt with constructively, promotes learning from mistakes and creates a motivating working atmosphere in which employees do not have to be afraid of making mistakes. Mistakes are not a sign of failure or lack of intelligence, but natural companions on the path to progress. By openly addressing mistakes and using them as a learning opportunity, valuable insights can be gained. As a manager, it is important to exemplify an open error culture and create a harmonious working environment in which learning from mistakes is encouraged. Such a culture not only makes it possible to deal with mistakes, but also to grow together as a team and be successful.

Books for managers and those who want to become one

You really do exist! Books that improve your leadership and delegation skills. In the course of my time as a founder and manager, I have read many books. Leadership books that helped me with my first steps and other books that helped me at an advanced stage. Here are my top 3 leadership books from which I still learn a lot today.

The boss I will never forget

A book about how to win the loyalty and respect of your employees.

Good bosses eat last

The book that every leader needs to know. One of the world’s best books on leadership.

Modern Leading

The practical handbook for managers – How to become an authentic and charismatic leader, inspire employees, lead teams and deliver results.


What is an error culture?

An error culture describes the way in which a company or organization deals with errors. An open error culture means that errors are seen as an opportunity for improvement and that employees are encouraged to report errors and learn from them.

Why is a positive error culture important?

A positive error culture can help employees feel more confident to report errors and more motivated to learn from mistakes and make improvements. An open error culture can also help to ensure that problems are identified and resolved more quickly.

How can you create a positive error culture?

There are various ways to create a positive error culture. Some tips are:
– Separate the mistake from the person who made it.
– Encourage employees to report mistakes and learn from them.
– See mistakes as an opportunity for improvement.
– Trust your employees and give them the freedom to make decisions.
– Be a role model yourself and show that you also learn from your mistakes.


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